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India is one of the few countries where capital punishment is legal and is justified under the rarest of the rare doctrine. However, it is not just the execution in principle but the process of execution which matters. Discuss (10 Marks) ATTORNEY GENERAL OF INDIA-DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS


Super Revision Note (General Awareness)


  • The earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian Subcontinent is found from
  • The first Palaeolithic tools were discovered in India by
Robert Bruce Foote
  • The most common motif of the Indus Seals
  • Harappan town which was divided into three parts
  • The rows of distinctive fire altars with provision of ritual bathing have been found from
  • The Shatapatha Brahmana is related to
Yajur Veda
  • Veda which is partly in prose and partly in verses is
Yajur Veda
  • In which sacrifice, the sacrificial materials used was sura in Vedic Era
  • In Dasrajan Yudha (Battle of Ten Kings) the Bharatas emerged winner at the bank of
Parushni River
  • The Boghazkoi inscription was discovered in
  • King. Ashvapati of the Upanishadic Age was the ruler of
  • In Pali texts, Nigantha Nataputta is referred to as
  • The Mahasamghika School arose at
  • The author of Abhidhamma treatise Kathavatthu –
Moggaliputta Tissa
  • “Sandrokottus” of the Greco-Roman literature was identified with Chandragupta Maurya by
William Jones
  • The cotton cloth worn by Indians had a brighter white colour than any cotton found elsewhere. This view was recorded by
  • The inscriptions of Ashoka and the Brahmi script were deciphered by
James Princep
  • Ashoka made his famous declaration, “All men are my children” in the inscription of –
Separate Kalinga Rock Edict I
  • The beneficiaries of Asoka’s donations in the region of Barabar Hill were
  • As per Asoka’s inscriptions, the place declared tax free and proclaimed only 1/8th part as taxable was
  • The last Mauryan ruler, who was killed by his Commander-in-Chief was
  • The Kushans issues the coins made of
Gold, Silver and Copper
  • The first Satavahana King to introduce the Ruler’s head on the coins
Satkarni 1
  • One of the writers of the Dharmashashtra disapproved the practice of Sati declaring it as an act of suicide
  • Vallabhi era is identical with The Gupta era Gupta emperors who called himself “Lichchhavidauhitra” was
  • The terms used for coins of the Gupta period
Dinara and Rupaka
  • Parnadatta was appointed the Provincial Governor of Saurashtra by
  • According to the beliefs of the Pasupata sect, Siva is the lord of Pasu. Pasu refers to
  • The title “Paramasaugata” was adopted by –
Rajya Vardhana
  • The plays written by Harshavardhan in Sanskrit
Nagananda, Priyadarshika and Ratnavali
  • Garuda was adopted as dynastic emblem after the imperial Guptas by
  • Among the five monolithic rathas of Pallavas at Mahabalipuram, the largest is


  • Ibn Battuta, the famous Muslim explorer who came to India during regime of
Mohammad Bin Tughlaq
  • Rajatarangini was written by Kalhan As per the Prithviraja-Raso, the four Rajput Clans which emerged from Agni-Kunda of Mount Abu are
Pratiharas, Chauhans, Chalukyas, Parmaras
  • The Medieval rulers who had stamped the figure of Goddess Lakshmi on his coins and had his name inscribed in Nagari Characters was –

Muhammad Ghori

  • The highest officer under the Turkish / Khilji Rulers of the Delhi Sultanate was – Naib-i-Mulk During the Delhi Sultanate, Barids were
The spy / news reporters
  • The Gujarat ruler who defeated Muhammad Ghor near Mount Abu was
Bhimdev Solanki II
  • At the time of invasion of Alauddin, Warangal was ruled by
Kakatiya Dynasty
  • ‘Hazar Dinari’ during the regime of Alauddin Khilji was
Malik Kafur
  • The single biggest item of import to the Vijayanagar empire was
  • During Mughal Period who was named as “Zinda Pir” or ” Living Saint”
  • Kabuliyat and Patta as instruments of settlement were introduced during the reign of
Sher Shah Suri
  • The ambassadors of Qucen Elizabeth visited Akbar’s court to obtain a Firman for trade in Gujarat was
John Mildenhall
  • Mahabharata translated into Persian and named -Akbar it as ‘Razmnamah’ by
  • Mahzarnama was issued to take all the religious matters into his own hands by
  • The portion of the actual produce fixed as state’s share under the Zabti System of Mughals was
  • The most important source of information about the agrarian conditions during Mughals is
  • French explorer who visited court of Emperor Shah Jahan and left a detailed account of Takht-1-Taus (Peacock throne) was
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
  • The author of Tabqat-i-Akbari was
Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad
  • Famous sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya settled in Delhi during the reign of
  • Shivaji had formed a council of eight ministers that a administered the Maratha empire. The council was named as
Ashta Pradhan
  • The unit of measurement of land in Maratha dominions was
  • The Royal cavalry of the Maratha Army System was called
The Bargirs


  • The founder of French East India Company for trade in India was
  • The British East India Company secured the Diwani right of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa through the treaty of
  • Mahalwari System of Revenue Settlement was introduced in
North West Provinces, the Punjab, Delhi, Parts of Central India and Uttar Pradesh
  • Triple alliance was formed against Haider immediately before the first Anglo-Mysore war of 176769 includes
The British, the Marathas, and the Nizam of Hyderabad
  • Treaty of Bassein in 1802 was signed between
British East India Company and Baji Rao II
  • The first ‘victim of the British policy of Subsidiary Alliance was
  • The famous book “Ghulamgiri” was written by
Jyotiba Phule
  • Basumati, the oldest Bengali Daily paper was edited by
Barinder Kumar Ghosh
  • Charter Acts that ended the commercial monopoly of East India Company in India was
Charter Acts of 1813
  • The magna carta of western education system in India is
Wood’s Despatch, 1854
  • State annexed into the East India territories via the Doctrine of Lapse was
Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849), Nagpur and Jhansi (1854), Tanjore and Arcot (1855) and Awadh (1856)
  • The leader of revolt of 1857 in Lucknow was
Begum Hazrat Mahal
  • Indian Mirror edited and published in 1861 by
Manmohan Ghosh and Devendranath Tagore
  • Hindu Mela was started in 1867 by Nabagopal Mitra at
  • Vernacular Press Act was passed by
Lord Lytton
  • In 1879 “The Bengalee” Newspaper was started by
Surendranath Banerjee
  • First census was conducted in India in
  • During the independence movement, newspaper Kesari’ was published by
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  • The first meeting of Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in 1885 AD under the leadership of
Womesh Chandra Banerjee
  • The first Englishmen to preside over a Congress session was
George Yule
  • Father of Indian Unrest was
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  • The drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji was formally accepted by the Indian National Congress in

Calcutta Session, 1896

  • All India Muslim League was established in 1906 at
  • The resolution of Swadeshi was adopted during the Congress session of
Calcutta in 1906
  • Moderates and the Extremists in the Indian National Congress split in 1907 at
  • The national anthem of India ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first sung at
Calcutta, 1911
  • The annulment of Partition of Bengal was done by
Lord Hardinge
  • Aurbindo Ghosh in the Alipore conspiracy case was defended by
Chittaranjan Das
  • Ghadar Journal was first published in Urdu Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the epithet of ‘Lokmanya’ during
Home Rule Movement
  • Lucknow session of Indian National Congress that took place in 1916 was presided by
Ambika Charan Majumdar
  • The first civil disobedience movement of Mahatma Gandhi in India was
Champaran Satyagrah
  • The leader who joined Gandhiji in the Champaran Satyagraha held on April 10, 1917 was
Rajendra Prasad
  • Resigned from the membership of the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was
Shankaran Nair
  • Events that took place immediately before the massacre at Jallianwala Bagh was
Passage of the Rowlatt Act
  • The Special Calcutta Session, 1920, in which Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non-cooperation resolution was presided by
Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Bhil Seva Mandal was established in 1922 by
Amritlal Vitthaldas Thakkar
  • The first woman president to chair the Indian National Congress at Kanpur session of 1925
Sarojini Naidu
  • The historic Lahore session of 1929 of Indian National Congress was presided by
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First registered Trade Union of India was
Madras Labour Union
  • Salt march in the Eastern Coast in Tiruchirappalli to the coastal village of Vedaranyam was led by
C. Rajagopalachari
  • The city known for the “Jhanda Satyagraha” and observance of the All India Flag Day on June 18, 1923 is
  • The Second Round Table Conference was held
September 7, 1931
  • Execution of Bhagat Singh took place on
March 23, 1931
  • Martyrdom of Chandrashekhar Azad took place on
February 17, 1931
  • The only Indian prince who actively participated in the Revolutionary Movement within and outside India was
Raja Mahendra Pratap
  • Curzon Wyllie, who was murdered by Madan Lal Dhingra in London, was
Adviser to the Secretary of State of India
  • First Satyagrahi nominated by Mahatma Gandhi for the Individual Satyagraha of 1940 was
Vinoba Bhave
  • Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946 was observed by
Muslim League
  • President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence was
JB Kripalani

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