1. Shankari Prasad case (1951)
• The constitutional validity of the First Amendment Act (1951), which curtailed the right to property, was challenged.
• The Supreme Court ruled that the power of the Parliament to amend the Constitution under Article 368 also includes the power to amend Fundamental Rights.
2. Golak Nath case (1967)
• The Supreme Court reversed its earlier stand. In that case, the constitutional validity of the Seventeenth Amendment Act (1964), which inserted certain state acts in the Ninth Schedule, was challenged.
• The Supreme Court ruled that the Fundamental Rights are given a
‘transcendental and immutable’ position and hence, the Parliament cannot abridge or take away any of these rights.